Four Flames were lit as part of a new concept for the Paralympic Torch Relay, one each in London, Greater Belfast, Edinburgh and Cardiff. The Flames were lit using the energy of physical human endeavour. Each nation also hosted events celebrating the Flame Lightings. On 28 August the four Flames were united at the Paralympic Flame Lighting Ceremony at Stoke Mandeville, the spiritual home of the Paralympic Movement to create the London 2012 Paralympic Flame. This Flame was carried by 580 Torchbearers on a 24 hour overnight relay to London and the Opening Ceremony of the Paralympic Games.